Existentialism in camus

As preserved to us in the _Popol Vuh_, the rhythmical form is mostly lost, but here and there one finds passages, retained intact by memory no doubt, where a distinct balance in diction, and an effort at harmony are noted. This rule preserves its authority with him, and renders him incapable of being guilty of such a violence. Those who have the least character to spare, can the least afford to part with their good word to others: a losing cause is always most divided against itself. What is there that delights others that does not disgust them. “And along with these it is sung and related of the grandmother-grandfather, whose name is Xpiyacoc and Xmucane, the Concealer and Protector; two-fold grandmother and two-fold grandfather are they called in the legends of the Quiches.”[128] It will be here observed that the declaration of the attributes of the highest divinity sets forth distinctly sexual ideas, and, as was often the case in Grecian, Egyptian and Oriental mythology, this divinity is represented as embracing the powers and functions of both sexes in his own person; and it is existentialism in camus curious that both here and in the second paragraph, the _female_ attributes are named _first_. Moore had taken no active steps to prevent it! Shall character be developed? No deep penetration of mind is needed for perceiving that a lively sensibility to the touch of the ludicrous will expose a man to considerable loss. The man of the greatest magnanimity, who desires virtue for its own sake, and is most indifferent about what actually are the opinions of mankind with regard to him, is still, however, delighted with the thoughts of what they should be, with the consciousness that though he may neither be honoured nor applauded, he is still the proper object of honour and applause, and that if mankind were cool and candid and consistent with themselves, and properly informed of the motives and circumstances of his conduct, they would not fail to honour and applaud him. Whatever is the deportment which we have been accustomed to see in a respectable order of men, it comes to be so associated in our imagination with that order, that whenever we see the one, we lay our account that we are to meet with the other, and when disappointed, miss something which we expected to find. Such features are claimed to have been found in the grammatic processes of _polysynthesis_ and _incorporation_. He must be quite aware of the obvious fact that art never improves, but that the material of art is never quite the same. But reason cannot render any particular object either agreeable or disagreeable to the mind for its own sake. Why not set it down to its proper account of Utility in any philosophical estimate—let it go for what it is worth there, _valeat quantum valet_—and let the other less worthy and (if you will) more meretricious object be left free to produce all the sentiment and emotion it is capable of, and which the former is inadequate to, and its value be estimated accordingly! Boguet, who presided over a tribunal in Franche Comte, in stating this rule relates a most pathetic case of his own in which a man named Guillaume Vuillermoz was convicted on the testimony of his son, aged twelve, and the hardened nerves of the judge were wrung at the despair of the unhappy prisoner on being confronted with his child, who persisted in his story with a callousness only to be explained by the will of God, who stifled in him all natural affection in order to bring to condign punishment this most hideous offence.[1783] Louise prints the records of a trial in 1662, wherein Philippe Polus was condemned on the evidence of his daughter, a child in her ninth year. It may be that the non-readers are literate, but take no interest in books; perhaps they say they have no time to read; possibly the library has not the kind of books that they like; they may be foreigners, existentialism in camus reading no English, and the library may have no books in their tongue. The wisdom of the Deity was employed in finding out the means for bringing about those ends which his goodness suggested, and his infinite power was exerted to execute them. It is to no purpose, that the proud and unfeeling landlord views his extensive fields, and without a thought for the wants of his brethren, in imagination consumes himself the whole harvest that grows upon them. Why should he, since he was equally innocent with any other by-stander, be thus singled out from among all mankind, to make up for the bad fortune of another? I was one of the best in our school (it was at Clapham, sir, the Rev. EXAMPLES of Nature endeavouring to combat with herself are shown from the immense quantity of sand, shingle, &c., brought from low to high water mark, during the summer months, and should easterly winds prevail, the sand is removed towards the cliffs, and accumulates in some situations more than in others. His sympathy with others is necessarily the result of his own past experience: if he had never felt any thing himself, he could not possibly feel for others. Is man a mere animal, or a mere machine for philosophical experiments? It is a face which you would beware of rousing into anger or hostility, as you would beware of setting in motion some complicated and dangerous machinery. There is much other material that can be so mounted and used–the kind of thing that is familiar in memorabilia scrapbooks–theatre and concert programs, announcements, invitations, tickets of admission, badges, menus, photographs, advertising material, etc. The juices which circulated through them showed how much of their texture was owing to Water. Beauvois and many others,[173] assert that because certain well-known Oriental symbols, as the Ta Ki, the Triskeles, the Svastika and the Cross, are found among the American aborigines, they are evidence of Mongolian, Buddhistic, Christian or Aryan immigrations, previous to the discovery by Columbus; and I shall also try to show that the position is erroneous of those who, like William H. Sometimes the comedian prepares for the needed deception by throwing its victim into a fit of absent-mindedness. Take, if you please, the one item of the provision of space for community meetings, regarded by some as the be-all and the end-all of the community center idea. 9.—One proof, out of many, which proves, that the 154 last strongest impression of their sane state continues prominent, even when their minds seem for ever lost to themselves and all passing objects around them Case No. The first is easily satisfied, is not apt to be jealous or suspicious that we do not esteem him enough, and is seldom solicitous about receiving many external marks of our regard. It is evident, indeed, that our readiness to be entertained by the look of excess or disproportion in a character will vary with the idea of the normal pattern. Can the dead return? Thick lips and a flat nose are a beauty. Sir John Fortescue, who was Lord Chancellor under Henry VI., inveighs at great length against the French law for its cruel procedures, and with much satisfaction contrasts it with the English practice,[1821] and yet he does not deny that torture was occasionally used in England. Yet things do not commonly remain at this point of perfectly innocent fun. Rotruda and her monks, but all, without exception, were compelled, upon their death-beds, to contribute a portion of their substance to her honor.[997] The custom continued even until the sixteenth century was well advanced. 16 page 163] _No._ 17.—_Admitted_ 1799. A subscription library turned into a free public library hesitates to welcome, all at once, the lower strata that have so long been banished from its doors. Then, if the sufferer, through good luck or by a miracle, survives this reduplication of agony, they have discovered the notable resource of _nouveaux indices survenus_, to subject him to it again without end. If Rousseau had been a great laugher we should certainly never have had his picturesque and instructive attack on civilisation and all that flowed from it. The recognition of an object as “funny” implies some detection of a quality which acts on others as well as on the self;[131] consequently, it presupposes a certain development of the social consciousness. A skilful perfumer may, perhaps, sometimes be able to do the same thing with regard to a new scent. But if a man can only succeed in doing this without losing his head in the somewhat rollicking scene, there is nothing that need repel him from the task; for reason assures us that here too, just as in other domains of human experience where things looked capricious and lawless enough at the outset, order and law will gradually disclose themselves. He is diminutive in person, like the others. Each species of brute has its king, who rules and protects it. Just as “Society” gets nearest to a genuine laugh when confronted with the vulgarities of Midas as he pushes into her inner circle, so the savage keenly enjoys his opportunity of detecting _gaucherie_ and want of _savoir faire_ on the side of his white visitors. For what he gives is not images and ideas and music, it is one thing with a existentialism in camus curious mixture of suggestions of all three. Examine with a microscope a record of a complicated musical performance, with many voices and many different kinds of instruments, and you will find a single wavy line. This treatment of passion is _topical_ and extraneous, and seldom strikes at the seat of the disorder, the heart. To take an interest in humanity, it was only thought necessary to have the form of a man: to espouse its cause, nothing was wanting but to be able to articulate the name. In Milan, in 1338, it could be only employed in capital cases where there was evidence or public repute; it could only be ordered by the lord of the city, his vicar, the podesta, and the criminal judges, and even these were heavily fined if they used it illegally or elsewhere than in the accustomed torture-chamber; the abuse of torturing witnesses had already been introduced, but the judge was warned that this could be done only when the witness swore to having been personally present and then varied in his testimony or gave false evidence. In others, like the Baioarian, it is appealed to on almost every occasion, and among the Burgundians we may assume, from a remark of St. His self-approbation, in this case, stands in need of no confirmation from the approbation of other men. A line, defined by some one clear principle, cannot be drawn in a field of this kind between two things both of which logically cover that field. * * * * * I can truly say, with Dr. That to obey the will of the Deity, is the first rule of duty, all men are agreed. A gentleman who should promise a highwayman five pounds and not perform, would incur some blame. He requires not only to be appreciated, but to have a select circle of admirers and devotees, to feel himself quite at home. His system affords him no principle of connection, by which he can join together, in his imagination, so great a number of harmonious revolutions. To those {345} who had no other idea of nature, besides what they derived from so confused an account of things, how agreeable must that system have appeared, which represented the Earth as distinguished into land and water, self-balanced and suspended in the centre of the universe, surrounded by the elements of Air and Ether, and covered by eight polished and crystalline Spheres, each of which was distinguished by one or more beautiful and luminous bodies, and all of which revolved round their common centre, by varied, but by equable and proportionable motions. There is no commonly honest man who does not more dread the inward disgrace of such an action, the indelible stain which it would for ever stamp upon his own mind, than the greatest external calamity which, without any fault of his own, could possibly befal him; and who does not inwardly feel the truth of that great stoical maxim, that for one man to deprive another unjustly of any thing, or unjustly to promote his own advantage by the loss or disadvantage of another, is more contrary to nature, than death, than poverty, than pain, than all the misfortunes which can affect him, either in his body, or in his external circumstances. To one in this situation, all accessions of fortune may properly be said to be superfluous; and if he is much elevated on account of them, it must be the effect of the most frivolous levity. There is another verb, which, in the same manner, runs through all languages, and which is distinguished by the name of the possessive verb; in Latin, _habeo_; in English, _I have_. Anatomists have come forward to show that the inferior maxillary bones disinterred in the caves of La Naulette and Schipka are so formed that their original possessors could not have had the power of articulation.[330] But the latest investigators of this point have reached an opposite conclusion.[331] We must, however, concede that the oral communication of men during that long epoch was of a very rudimentary character; it is contrary to every theory of intellectual evolution to suppose that they possessed a speech approaching anything near even the lowest organized of the linguistic stocks now in existence. It is only from the interest excited in him by future objects that man becomes a moral agent, or is denominated selfish, or the contrary, according to the manner in which he is affected by what relates to his own _future_ interest, or that of others. Trophies of the instruments of music or of agriculture, imitated in painting or in stucco, make a common and an agreeable ornament of our halls and dining rooms. It is evident, however, that we are anxious about our own beauty and deformity, only upon account of its effect upon others. Or great poetry may be made without the direct use of any emotion whatever: composed out of feelings solely. No library can afford to neglect its special duties to its locality and if these conflict with standardization, it should be the general standards and not the local adjustments, that should go by the board. The fault is most evident, of course, in the longer poems—or rather, the poems in which structure is important. The human soul, continue some of these writers, naturally thirsts after happiness; it either enjoys, or seeks to enjoy. The mal-employed intervals of an otherwise valuable worker are often due to ignorance of conditions or sheer inability to meet them. It is confined to occasional patches about the middle of the cliff, near the watch-house gap. Oh! It is “an affection arising from the sudden transformation of a strained (_gespannte_) expectation into nothing”. Keats’s Eve of Saint Agnes lately made me regret that I was not young again. Our rejoicing at the sight of the clown’s droll costume and funny movements has in it something of the laughing joy of the savage when he is shown some mechanical wonder of Europe, something of the laughing joy of the infant at the sudden invasion of his nursery wall by a dancing sunbeam.[79] A little more reflection on the groups of laughable things will show that other ingredients of this primitive laughter are present in our appreciation of the ludicrous. It has been evident that wide regions within the municipality were not reached by the library’s activities; hence the establishment of branches–practically classification on a regional or territorial basis. It is true, he has shifted the scene from Scotland into England and France, and the manners and characters are strikingly English and French; but this does not prove that they are not local, and that they are not borrowed, as well as the scenery and costume, from comparatively obvious and mechanical sources. No better terrain, indeed, for a chase after the imperfectly masked will be found than that of the manners of persons who are quite above suspicion of serious fault. The Synod of Rome in 384 had declared that no Christian could exercise secular power without sin, because he was obliged to contravene the teachings of the Church by ordering the application of torture in judicial pleadings;[1530] and if Innocent I., in 405, had decided that such proceedings were lawful, it was only on the ground that the Church had no right to resist the laws or to oppose the powers ordained of God.[1531] About the same time St. ‘It is not in our stars,’ in planetary influence, but neither is it owing ‘to ourselves, that we are thus or thus.’ The accession of knowledge, the pressure of circumstances, favourable or unfavourable, does little more than minister occasion to the first predisposing bias—than assist, like the dews of heaven, or retard, like the nipping north, the growth of the seed originally sown in our constitution—than give a more or less decided expression to that personal character, the outlines of which nothing can alter. Sir, the utmost he should aspire to would be to play upon the Jews’ harp!’ This story of the Jews’ harp tickled some of Pinch’s friends, who gave him various hints of it, which nearly drove him mad, till he discovered what it was; for though no jest or sarcasm ever had the least effect upon him, yet he cannot bear to think that there should be any joke of this kind about him, and he not in the secret: it makes against that _knowing_ character which he so much affects. may gain a foothold before the opposite forces … Nor does even that embodiment of an ugly vice, Harpagon, get anything worthy of being called a trouncing. He demonstrated, that, if the Planets were supposed to gravitate towards the Sun, and to one another, and at the same time to have had a projecting force originally impressed upon them, the primary ones might all describe ellipses in one of the foci of which that great luminary was placed; and existentialism in camus the secondary ones might describe figures of the same kind round their respective primaries, without being disturbed by the continual motion of the centres of their revolutions. or was this semblance of a meaning a part of his fun, his playful way of punishing the “grown up” for reading a child’s book? “Our holy mother church,” says Simancas, Bishop of Badajos, a writer of the sixteenth century, “can in no way endure the suspicion of heresy, but seeks by various remedies to cure the suspect. Though such laws are not precisely the same throughout space and time, they unquestionably partake of the same uniformity as we note in other natural phenomena, and no language has yet been reported which stands alone in its formation. Further northward, masses of chalk are included in the drift, or crop out in the interior, at a short distance from the shore, as at Overstrand, near Cromer, where a pit has been worked, in which the chalk is in a very disturbed and shattered state. 14.—A beautiful exhibition of female kindness and 159 love of children, as well as of many other symptoms which indicate that her former habits and general natural character and disposition have been amiable _Illustrated by a Portrait_ 159 Case No. It is impossible to tell whether Webster would have found the style of Massinger more “serviceable” than his own for the last act of the _White Devil_, and indeed difficult to decide what “serviceable” here means; but it is quite clear what Coleridge means when he says that Massinger’s style is much more easily constructed [than Shakespeare’s], and may be more successfully adopted by writers in the present day. Laughter has not yet lent itself to the methods of the experimental psychologist, and so has not been studied with scientific precision. As may be supposed, many superstitions cling around the animal world. Then we do no more about it. But Leonardo was Leonardo: he had no father to speak of, he was hardly a citizen, and he had no stake in the community. Man was made for action, and to promote by the exertion of his faculties such changes in the external circumstances both of himself and others, as may seem most favourable to the happiness of all. The sensation excited in me by a piece of red-hot iron striking against any part of my body is simple, absolute, terminating in itself, not representing any thing beyond itself, nor capable of being represented by any other sensation or communicated to any other being. Doubtless we have exaggerated the effect of certain kinds of training. The noble reported the fact to the magistrates, the cutler was arrested and confessed that twenty years before he had slain a comrade and buried the body where the bones were found.[1151] We may trace a more poetic form of this sympathy in the legend which relates the welcome given by the bones of Abelard to Heloise when, twenty years after his death, her body was consigned to his tomb. Southey may have had some idea of rivalling the reputation of Voltaire in the extent, the spirit, and the versatility of his productions in prose and verse, except that he has written no tragedies but Wat Tyler! This division was an eminently scientific one, and still remains the most in accord with anatomical and linguistic research. It must be remembered, however, that our books are perishable, and are growing more so. The development of culture groups introduces a new and important change in the standards of fitness, to which laughter is, so to speak, tied. Why then did not the maker mount a real bit of inexpensive lace on the board, at an expenditure of a few minutes’ time? We hear the same tale from all sides. The status of phonograph records of all kinds as museum material is hardly as high in this country as abroad. Does the librarian exalt other functions of his great machine and neglect this one? Existentialism in camus.